Using Reliability to Meet Z540.3’s 2% Rule
Using Reliability to Meet Z540.3’s 2% Rule
Scott M. Mimbs, NASA Metrology and Calibration Program
NASA’s Kennedy Space Center (KSC) undertook implementation of ANSI/NCSL Z540.3-2006 in October 2008. Early in the implementation, KSC identified that the largest cost driver of Z540.3 implementation is measurement uncertainty analyses for legacy calibration processes. NASA, like other organizations, has a significant inventory of measuring and test equipment (MTE) that have documented calibration procedures without documented measurement uncertainties.

This paper provides background information to support the rationale for using high in-tolerance reliability as evidence of compliance to the 2% PFA quality metric of ANSI/NCSL Z540.3-2006 allowing use of qualifying legacy processes. NASA is adopting this as policy and is recommending NCSL International consider this as a method of compliance to Z540.3.

Topics covered include compliance issues, using EOPR to estimate test point uncertainty, reliability data influences within the PFA model, the validity of EOPR data, and an appendix covering “observed” versus “true” EOPR.